PySide Fortgeschrittene Beispiele

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This page is a translated version of the page PySide Advanced Examples and the translation is 35% complete.


Der Zweck dieser Seite ist es, Beispiele auf fortgeschrittenem Niveau für den PySide-GUI-Verwalter zu behandeln (es gibt begleitende Seiten PySide Beispiele für Anfänger und PySide Weiterführende Beispiele).

Durch Verwendung des PySide Moduls innerhalb von FreeCAD, hast du die volle Kontrolle über seine Oberfläche. Du kannst zum Beispiel:

  • Hinzufügen deiner eigenen Paneele, Widgets und Werkzeugleisten
  • Hinzufügen oder Ausblenden von Elementen zu bestehenden Paneelen
  • Ändern, umleiten oder hinzufügen von Verbindungen zwischen all diesen Elementen

Eine Referenz auf das Hauptfenster erstellen

Soll an der FreeCAD-Oberfläche gearbeitet werden, muss als allererstes eine Referenz auf das FreeCAD-Hauptfenster erstellt werden:

import sys
from PySide import QtGui ,QtCore 
app = QtGui.qApp
mw = FreeCADGui.getMainWindow()

Browse the Children of the Main Window

Then, you can for example browse through all the widgets of the interface:

for child in mw.children():
   print('widget name = ', child.objectName(), ', widget type = ', child)

The widgets in a Qt interface are usually nested into "container" widgets, so the children of our main window can themselves contain other children. Depending on the widget type, there are a lot of things you can do. Check the API documentation to see what is possible.

Add New Widget Manually

Adding a new widget, for example a dockWidget (which can be placed in one of FreeCAD's side panels) is easy:

myWidget = QtGui.QDockWidget()

You could then add stuff directly to your widget:

myWidget.setObjectName("my Nice New Widget")
myWidget.resize(QtCore.QSize(300,100)) # sets size of the widget
label = QtGui.QLabel("Hello World", myWidget) # creates a label
label.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(2,50,200,24))  # sets its size
label.setObjectName("myLabel") # sets its name, so it can be found by name

Add New Widget by Creating UI Object

But a preferred method is to create a UI object which will do all of the setup of your widget at once. The big advantage is that such an UI object can be created graphically with the Qt Designer program. A typical object generated by Qt Designer is like this:

class myWidget_Ui(object):
  def setupUi(self, myWidget):
    myWidget.setObjectName("my Nice New Widget")
    myWidget.resize(QtCore.QSize(300,100).expandedTo(myWidget.minimumSizeHint())) # sets size of the widget

    self.label = QtGui.QLabel(myWidget) # creates a label
    self.label.setGeometry(QtCore.QRect(50,50,200,24)) # sets its size
    self.label.setObjectName("label") # sets its name, so it can be found by name

  def retranslateUi(self, draftToolbar): # built-in QT function that manages translations of widgets
    myWidget.setWindowTitle(QtGui.QApplication.translate("myWidget", "My Widget", None, QtGui.QApplication.UnicodeUTF8))
    self.label.setText(QtGui.QApplication.translate("myWidget", "Welcome to my new widget!", None, QtGui.QApplication.UnicodeUTF8))

To use it, you just need to apply it to your freshly created widget like this:

app = QtGui.qApp
FCmw = app.activeWindow()
myNewFreeCADWidget = QtGui.QDockWidget() # create a new dckwidget
myNewFreeCADWidget.ui = myWidget_Ui() # load the Ui script
myNewFreeCADWidget.ui.setupUi(myNewFreeCADWidget) # setup the ui
FCmw.addDockWidget(QtCore.Qt.RightDockWidgetArea,myNewFreeCADWidget) # add the widget to the main window

Loading the UI from a Qt Designer .ui File

The key to loading a UI file successfully is to use the full path to the file. As an example, the Addon Manager does it like this:

self.dialog = FreeCADGui.PySideUic.loadUi(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(__file__), "AddonManager.ui"))