Part TopoShape

From FreeCAD Documentation


A Part TopoShape, or formally a Part::TopoShape, is a class that defines a parametric topological shape in the software. Objects in the document that show something in the 3D view normally have a TopoShape.

The topological shapes, as well as their methods, are defined by the OpenCASCADE Technology kernel (OCCT). FreeCAD uses these shapes, and builds App DocumentObjects around them.

Another type of class is that of meshes; this class is not very parametric because it can't be redefined easily except by specifying individual vertices and triangular surfaces.

Left: parametric Part TopoShape defined by properties. Right: non-parametric mesh, defined by vertices and triangular surfaces.

Simplified diagram of the relationships between the core objects in the program. The Part::TopoShape class is embedded in the Part::Feature object and from there it is propagated to all objects that are derived from it.


The Part TopoShape is an object that is assigned to some App DocumentObjects.

In particular, the basic object that handles these types of attributes is the Part Feature (Part::Feature class). All objects derived from this class will have access to a Part TopoShape.

Some of the most important objects with Part TopoShape are the following:


See also: FreeCAD Scripting Basics, and scripted objects.

All objects derived from Part::Feature will have a Part TopoShape, which is normally accessible from its Shape attribute.

import FreeCAD as App

doc = App.newDocument()
obj = App.ActiveDocument.addObject("Part::Box", "Box")

A TopoShape has many attributes (variables) and methods that contain information about it, and which allow doing operations with it. These variables and methods can be tested in the Python console.



For a full list of attributes and methods, consult the source documentation, and the Std PythonHelp tool.

You can obtain a quick summary of all methods using Python's built-in help() function.