Draft ShapeString

    From FreeCAD Documentation

    Draft ShapeString.svg Draft ShapeString

    Menu location
    Drafting → Shape from text
    Draft, Arch
    Default shortcut
    Introduced in version
    See also
    Draft Text, Draft Label, Part Extrude


    The Draft ShapeString.svg Draft ShapeString command creates a compound shape that represents a text string. This shape can be used to create 3D letters with the Part Extrude command.

    The Draft ShapeString command is not intended for standard text annotations. The Draft Text command or the Draft Label command should be used for that purpose.

    Draft ShapeString Example400.png

    Single point required to position the ShapeString


    For Windows users: please read the Font file selection on Windows paragraph first.

    1. There are several ways to invoke the command:
      • Press the Draft ShapeString.svg Draft ShapeString button.
      • Select the Drafting → Draft ShapeString.svg Shape from text option from the menu.
    2. The ShapeString task panel opens.
    3. Click a point in the 3D view, or type coordinates.
    4. Optionally press the Reset Point button to reset the point to the origin.
    5. Enter a String.
    6. Specify the Height.
    7. To select a font do one of the following:
      • Enter a file path in the Font file input box.
      • Press the ... button and select a file.
    8. Press the OK button to finish the command.
    9. Optionally change the DataJustification of the ShapeString. See Properties.


    • Press Esc or the Cancel button to abort the command.


    • A Draft ShapeStrings can be edited by double-clicking it in the Tree view. introduced in version 0.20
    • Supported fonts include TrueType (.ttf), OpenType (.otf) and Type 1 (.pfb).
    • The command is restricted to LTR (left-to-right) text. Therefore at the moment RTL (right-to-left + top-to-bottom) text isn't supported.
    • Very small text heights may result in deformed character shapes due to loss of detail in scaling.
    • Many fonts will generate problematic geometry. This is because font contours are allowed to overlap, have small gaps, and have varying directions within a glyph. These conditions are considered errors in wires used to define faces.
    • Draft ShapeStrings can also be created with the Macro Fonts Win10 PYMP.
    • To create Draft ShapeStrings arranged in a circular fashion use the Macro FCCircularText.

    Font file selection on Windows

    On Windows access to the default font folder is restricted. This affects the font file selection for ShapeStrings. There are three cases in FreeCAD where a font file for ShapeStrings can be specified: in the ShapeString task panel, when changing the DataFont File property of a ShapeString, and when specifying the default font file in the Draft Preferences.

    Pressing the ... button and then selecting a file from the default Windows font folder is not possible when using the native file dialog. There are a number of workarounds:

    • Make sure DontUseNativeFontDialog is set to true, which is the default value for this preference. This will only call a different, non-native, file dialog when pressing the ... button in the ShapeString task panel. With this file dialog the default Windows font folder can be accessed.
    • Change DontUseNativeDialog to true. This instructs FreeCAD to always use the non-native file dialog.
    • Specify the font file in the input box. You can of course type the full path or copy-paste the path from the Windows File Explorer. But there is also another way to enter the path. If you enter C:\ a dropdown list will appear. Select Windows from that list and add \F. Select Fonts from the new dropdown list. Finally add \ and the first letter(s) of the font file, and then select it from the dropdown list.
    • Create a custom folder for your font files.

    See the Preferences paragraph below for the location of the mentioned preferences.



    See also: Preferences Editor, Draft Preferences and Std DlgParameter.

    • The default font file can be changed in the preferences: Edit → Preferences... → Draft → Texts and dimensions → Default ShapeString font file.
    • For Windows users:
      • Set Tools → Edit parameters... → BaseApp → Preferences → Dialog → DontUseNativeFontDialog to true to use the non-native file dialog when selecting a font file from the ShapeString task panel.
      • Alternatively, set Tools → Edit parameters... → BaseApp → Preferences → Dialog → DontUseNativeDialog to true to always use the non-native file dialog.


    See also: Property editor.

    A Draft ShapeString object is derived from a Part Part2DObject and inherits all its properties. It also has the following additional properties:



    • DataFont File (File): Font file name.
    • DataFuse (Bool): Fuse faces if faces overlap, usually not required (can be very slow). Ignored if DataMake Face is false. introduced in version 0.22
    • DataJustification (Enumeration): Horizontal and vertical alignment. Options: Top-Left, Top-Center, Top-Right, Middle-Left, Middle-Center, Middle-Right, Bottom-Left, Bottom-Center, Bottom-Right. introduced in version 0.22
    • DataJustification Reference (Enumeration): Height reference used for justification. Options: Cap Height, Shape Height. The shape height depends on the characters in DataString. introduced in version 0.22
    • DataKeep Left Margin (Bool): Keep left margin and leading white space when justification is left. introduced in version 0.22
    • DataMake Face (Bool): Fill letters with faces.
    • DataOblique Angle (Angle): Oblique (slant) angle. Must be in the -80° to +80° range. introduced in version 0.22
    • DataScale To Size (Bool): Scale to ensure cap height is equal to size. If set to false, depending on the font, cap height will not match DataSize exactly. introduced in version 0.22
    • DataSize (Length): Height of text.
    • DataString (String): Text string. A ShapeString can only display a single text line.
    • DataTracking (Distance): Inter-character spacing. The property type has been updated (introduced in version 0.22).

    Draft ShapeString Justification.png

    The height of the red rectangle (solid line) is equal to the cap height.
    The height of the green rectangle (dashed line) is equal to the shape height.
    The corners, the midpoints of the edges, and the center of the rectangles
    match the 9 justification options: Top-Left to Bottom-Right.


    See also: Autogenerated API documentation and FreeCAD Scripting Basics.

    To create a Draft ShapeString use the make_shapestring method (introduced in version 0.19) of the Draft module. This method replaces the deprecated makeShapeString method.

    shapestring = make_shapestring(String, FontFile, Size=100, Tracking=0)
    • Creates a shapestring compound shape using the specified String and the full path of a supported FontFile.
    • Size is the height of the resulting text in millimeters.
    • Tracking is the inter-character spacing in millimeters.

    The placement of the ShapeString can be changed by overwriting its Placement attribute, or by individually overwriting its Placement.Base and Placement.Rotation attributes.


    import FreeCAD as App
    import Draft
    doc = App.newDocument()
    font1 = "/usr/share/fonts/truetype/msttcorefonts/Arial.ttf"
    font2 = "/usr/share/fonts/truetype/dejavu/DejaVuSerif.ttf"
    font3 = "/usr/share/fonts/truetype/freefont/FreeSerifItalic.ttf"
    S1 = Draft.make_shapestring("This is a sample text", font1, 200)
    S2 = Draft.make_shapestring("Inclined text", font2, 200, 10)
    zaxis = App.Vector(0, 0, 1)
    p2 = App.Vector(-1000, 500, 0)
    place2 = App.Placement(p2, App.Rotation(zaxis, 45))
    S2.Placement = place2
    S3 = Draft.make_shapestring("Upside-down text", font3, 200, 10)
    S3.Placement.Base = App.Vector(0, -1000, 0)
    S3.Placement.Rotation = App.Rotation(zaxis, 180)