|Drafting → Rectangle|
|Introduced in version|
The Draft Rectangle command creates a rectangle in the current working plane from two points.
The corners of a Draft Rectangle can be filleted (rounded) or chamfered by changing its DataFillet Radius or DataChamfer Size respectively. It is also possible to subdivide a Draft Rectangle by changing its DataColumns and/or DataRows property.
Rectangle defined by two points
- There are several ways to invoke the command:
- The Rectangle task panel opens. See Options for more information.
- Pick the first point in the 3D view, or type coordinates and press the button.
- Pick the second point in the 3D view, or type coordinates and press the button. This point must not be constrained to the X, Y or Z axis.
The single character keyboard shortcuts available in the task panel can be changed. See Draft Preferences. The shortcuts mentioned here are the default shortcuts.
- To manually enter coordinates enter the X, Y and Z component, and press 3D view before entering coordinates. after each. Or you can press the button when you have the desired values. It is advisable to move the pointer out of the
- Press or click the Relative checkbox to toggle relative mode. If relative mode is on, the coordinates of the second point are relative to the first point, else they are relative to the coordinate system origin.
- Press working plane coordinate system. introduced in version 0.20 or click the Global checkbox to toggle global mode. If global mode is on, coordinates are relative to the global coordinate system, else they are relative to the
- Press DataMake Face set to
trueand will have a filled face.
or click the Filled checkbox to toggle filled mode. If filled mode is on, the created rectangle will have
- Press or click the Continue checkbox to toggle continue mode. If continue mode is on, the command will restart after finishing, allowing you to continue creating rectangles.
- Press Draft snapping on or off. to switch
- Press or the button to abort the command.
- A Draft Rectangle can be edited with the Draft Edit command.
- To change the number of decimals used for the input of coordinates: Edit → Preferences... → General → Units → Units settings → Number of decimals.
- To change the initial value of filled mode: Edit → Preferences... → Draft → General settings → Draft tools options → Fill objects with faces whenever possible. Changing the filled mode in a task panel will override this preference for the current FreeCAD session.
- If the Edit → Preferences... → Draft → General settings → Draft tools options → Use Part Primitives when available option is checked, the command will create a Part Plane instead of a Draft Rectangle.
See also: Property editor.
A Draft Rectangle object is derived from a Part Part2DObject and inherits all its properties. It also has the following additional properties:
- DataArea (
Area): (read-only) specifies the area of the face of the rectangle. The value will be
0.0if DataMake Face if
- DataChamfer Size (
Length): specifies the length of the chamfers at the corners of the rectangle.
- DataColumns (
Integer): specifies the number of equal-sized columns in which the rectangle is divided.
- DataFillet Radius (
Length): specifies the radius of the fillets at the corners of the rectangle.
- DataHeight (
Distance): specifies the height of the rectangle.
- DataLength (
Distance): specifies the length of the rectangle.
- DataMake Face (
Bool): specifies if the rectangle makes a face or not. If it is
truea face is created, otherwise only the perimeter is considered part of the object.
- DataRows (
Integer): specifies the number of equal-sized rows in which the rectangle is divided.
- ViewPattern (
Enumeration): specifies the Draft Pattern with which to fill the face of the rectangle. This property only works if DataMake Face is
trueand if ViewDisplay Mode is
- ViewPattern Size (
Float): specifies the size of the Draft Pattern.
- ViewTexture Image (
File): specifies the path of the image file to be mapped onto the face of the rectangle. Blanking this property will remove the image. The rectangle should have the same proportions as the image to avoid distortions.
To create a Draft Rectangle use the
make_rectangle method (introduced in version 0.19) of the Draft module. This method replaces the deprecated
rectangle = make_rectangle(length, height, placement=None, face=None, support=None)
- Creates a
lengthin the X direction and
heightin the Y direction, with units in millimeters.
Nonethe rectangle is created at the origin and the length will be parallel to the X axis.
True, the rectangle will make a face, that is, it will appear filled.
import FreeCAD as App import Draft doc = App.newDocument() rectangle1 = Draft.make_rectangle(4000, 1000) rectangle2 = Draft.make_rectangle(1000, 4000) zaxis = App.Vector(0, 0, 1) p3 = App.Vector(1000, 1000, 0) place3 = App.Placement(p3, App.Rotation(zaxis, 45)) rectangle3 = Draft.make_rectangle(3500, 250, placement=place3) doc.recompute()