# Draft "Линия"

This page is a translated version of the page Draft Line and the translation is 46% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.
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Расположение в меню Draft Line Черчение → Линия Draft, Arch L I - Draft Wire

## Описание

Инструмент «Линия» создает прямую линию, определяемую двумя точками. Он использует набор Draft Linestyle на панели инструментов «Тревожный лоток». Инструмент «Линия» ведет себя точно так же, как инструмент Draft Wire, за исключением того, что он останавливается после двух точек.

A Draft Line is in fact a Draft Wire with only two points.

## Применение

1. There are several ways to invoke the command:
• Press the button.
• Select the Drafting → Line option from the menu.
• Use the keyboard shortcut: L then I.
3. Pick the first point in the 3D view, or type coordinates and press the Enter point button.
4. Pick the second point in the 3D view, or type coordinates and press the Enter point button.

## Опции

The single character keyboard shortcuts available in the task panel can be changed. See Draft Preferences. The shortcuts mentioned here are the default shortcuts (for version 0.22).

• To manually enter coordinates enter the X, Y and Z component, and press Enter after each. Or you can press the Enter point button when you have the desired values. It is advisable to move the pointer out of the 3D view before entering coordinates.
• To use polar coordinates enter a value for the Length and a value for the Angle, and press Enter after each.
• Check the Angle checkbox to constrain the pointer to the specified angle.
• Press L to change the focus from the X input box to the Length input box and back. Depending on the input box that receives the focus the Angle checkbox is checked or unchecked.
• Press R or click the Relative checkbox to toggle relative mode. If relative mode is on, the coordinates of the second point are relative to the first point, else they are relative to the coordinate system origin.
• Press G or click the Global checkbox to toggle global mode. If global mode is on, coordinates are relative to the global coordinate system, else they are relative to the working plane coordinate system. introduced in version 0.20
• Press N or click the Continue checkbox to toggle continue mode. If continue mode is on, the command will restart after finishing, allowing you to continue creating lines.
• Press S to switch Draft snapping on or off.
• Press Esc or the Close button to abort the command.

## Настройки

• To change the initial focus of the task panel to the Length input box: Edit → Preferences... → Draft → General → Set focus on Length instead of X coordinate. Note that you must move the pointer in the 3D view for the change to take effect.
• If the Edit → Preferences... → Draft → General → Create Part primitives if possible option is checked, the command will create a Part Line instead of a Draft Line.

См. Draft Wire.

## Программирование

To create a Draft Line use the `make_line` method (introduced in version 0.19) of the Draft module. This method replaces the deprecated `makeLine` method.

```line = make_line(p1, p2)
line = make_line(LineSegment)
line = make_line(Shape)
```
• Creates a `Line` object between points `p1` and `p2`, each defined by its `FreeCAD.Vector`, with units in millimeters.
• Creates a `Line` object from a `Part.LineSegment`.
• Creates a `Line` object from the first vertex to the last vertex of the given `Shape`.

Пример:

```import FreeCAD as App
import Draft

doc = App.newDocument()

p1 = App.Vector(0, 0, 0)
p2 = App.Vector(1000, 500, 0)
p3 = App.Vector(-250, -500, 0)
p4 = App.Vector(500, 1000, 0)

line1 = Draft.make_line(p1, p2)
line2 = Draft.make_line(p3, p4)

doc.recompute()
```