# Draft Dimension

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Расположение в меню Draft Dimension Черчение → Размер Draft, Arch D I - Перевернуть размер

## Описание

Инструмент измерения создает измерение в текущем документе с двумя точками, определяющими расстояние для измерения, и третью точку, определяющую, где проходит размерная линия.

Linear dimensions based on edges and radial dimensions are parametric. This means that they will update if the measured edge is modified. Measured edges can belong to Draft objects but also to solid bodies. Angular dimensions are not parametric.

Draft Dimensions can be displayed on a TechDraw Workbench page using the TechDraw DraftView or TechDraw ArchView commands. Alternatively the TechDraw Workbench offer its own dimension commands. But these create dimensions that are only displayed on the drawing page and not in the 3D view.

## Usage

See also: Draft Tray, Draft Snap and Draft Constrain.

## Использование

1. Нажмите кнопку или нажмите D, затем клавиши I
2. Нажмите точку на трехмерном изображении или введите coordinate
3. Нажмите вторую точку на трехмерном представлении или введите coordinate
4. Нажмите третью кнопку на трехмерном представлении или введите coordinate

### Radial dimension

1. Optionally select a circular edge in the 3D view.
2. There are several ways to invoke the command:
• Press the button.
• Select the Annotation → Dimension option from the menu.
• Use the keyboard shortcut: D then I.
3. The Dimension task panel opens. See Options for more information.
4. If you have not yet selected an edge do one of the following:
• Press E or the Select edge button and select a circular edge in the 3D view.
• Hold down the Alt key, select a circular edge in the 3D view and release the Alt key.
5. To position the dimension line do one of the following:
• For a diameter dimension:
• Pick a point in the 3D view, or type coordinates and press the Enter point button.
• For a radial dimension:
• Hold down the Shift key and pick a point in the 3D view.

### Angular dimension

1. There are several ways to invoke the command:
• Press the button.
• Select the Annotation → Dimension option from the menu.
• Use the keyboard shortcut: D then I.
2. The Dimension task panel opens. See Options for more information.
3. Do one of the following:
• Press E or the Select edge button and select a first straight edge in the 3D view. Repeat this to select a second straight edge.
• Hold down the Alt key, select two straight edges in the 3D view and release the Alt key.
4. To position the dimension arc pick a point in the 3D view.
5. The displayed angle depends on the edges and the picked point.

## Options

The single character keyboard shortcuts available in the task panel can be changed. See Draft Preferences. The shortcuts mentioned here are the default shortcuts (for version 0.22).

• To manually enter coordinates enter the X, Y and Z component, and press Enter after each. Or you can press the Enter point button when you have the desired values. It is advisable to move the pointer out of the 3D view before entering coordinates.
• Press R or click the Relative checkbox to toggle relative mode. If relative mode is on, coordinates are relative to the last point, if available, else they are relative to the coordinate system origin.
• Press G or click the Global checkbox to toggle global mode. If global mode is on, coordinates are relative to the global coordinate system, else they are relative to the working plane coordinate system. introduced in version 0.20
• Press N or click the Continue checkbox to toggle continue mode. This mode only works for linear dimensions. If continue mode is on, the command will restart after finishing, allowing you to continue creating dimensions. All subsequent dimensions will start from the final point of the previous dimension, and will use the same baseline as the first dimension. Note that edge selection is not possible for subsequent dimensions.
• Press S to switch Draft snapping on or off.
• Press Esc or the Close button to finish the command.

## Notes

• Linear and radial Draft Dimensions can be edited with the Draft Edit command.
• Draft Dimensions created or saved with FreeCAD version 0.21 are not backward compatible.

## Properties

See also: Property editor.

A Draft Dimension object is derived from an App FeaturePython object and inherits all its properties. The following properties are additional unless otherwise stated:

### Data linear and radial dimension

Dimension

• ДанныеDimline (`VectorDistance`): specifies the point through which the dimension line passes.
• ДанныеLinked Geometry (`LinkSubList`): specifies the object and its subelement(s) the dimension is linked to.
• ДанныеNormal (`Vector`): specifies the normal of the plane of the text.
• Данные (hidden)Support (`Link`): specifies the measured object.

Linear/radial dimension

• ДанныеDirection (`Vector`): specifies the direction of the measurement.
• ДанныеDistance (`Length`): (read-only) specifies the value of the measurement.
• ДанныеEnd (`VectorDistance`): specifies the end point of the measurement.
• ДанныеStart (`VectorDistance`): specifies the start point of the measurement.

Radial dimension

• ДанныеDiameter (`Bool`): specifies if a radial dimension is displayed as a diameter dimension. Not used for linear dimensions.

### Data angular dimension

Angular dimension

• ДанныеAngle (`Angle`): (read-only) specifies the value of the measurement.
• ДанныеCenter (`VectorDistance`): specifies the center of the measurement.
• ДанныеFirst Angle (`Angle`): specifies the start angle of the measurement.
• ДанныеLast Angle (`Angle`): specifies the end angle of the measurement.

Dimension

• ДанныеDimline (`VectorDistance`): specifies the point through which the dimension arc passes.
• Данные (hidden)Linked Geometry (`LinkSubList`): not used.
• Данные (hidden)Normal (`Vector`): specifies the normal of the plane of the dimension.
• Данные (hidden)Support (`Link`): not used.

### View

Annotation

• ВидAnnotation Style (`Enumeration`): specifies the annotation style applied to the dimension. See Draft AnnotationStyleEditor.
• ВидScale Multiplier (`Float`): specifies the general scaling factor applied to the dimension.

Display Options

• ВидDisplay Mode (`Enumeration`): specifies how the text is displayed. If it is `World` the text will be displayed on a plane defined by the ДанныеNormal of the measurement. If it is `Screen` the text will always face the screen. This is an inherited property. The mentioned options are the renamed options (introduced in version 0.21).

Graphics

• ВидArrow Size (`Length`): specifies the size of the symbols displayed at the ends of the dimension line or arc.
• ВидArrow Type (`Enumeration`): specifies the type of symbol displayed at the ends of the dimension line or arc, which can be `Dot`, `Circle`, `Arrow`, `Tick` or `Tick-2`.
• ВидDim Overshoot (`Distance`): specifies the additional length added to the dimension line. Not used for angular dimensions.
• ВидExt Lines (`Distance`): specifies the length of the extension lines that go from the dimension line to the measured points. Use `0` for full extension lines. A negative value defines the gap between the ends of the extension lines and the measured points. A positive value defines the maximum length of the extension lines. Only used for linear dimensions.
• ВидExt Overshoot (`Distance`): specifies the additional length of the extension lines beyond the dimension line. Not used for angular dimensions.
• ВидFlip Arrows (`Bool`): specifies whether to flip the orientation of the symbols at the ends of the dimension line or arc. Only works if the symbols are arrows.
• ВидLine Color (`Color`): specifies the color of the dimension line or arc, and the arrows.
• ВидLine Width (`Float`): specifies the width of the lines or arc belonging to the dimension.
• ВидShow Line (`Bool`): specifies whether to display the dimension line. Does not affect the display of extension lines and overshoots. Not used for angular dimensions.

Text

• ВидFlip Text (`Bool`): specifies whether to flip the orientation of the text.
• ВидFont Name (`Font`): specifies the font used to draw the text. It can be a font name, such as `Arial`, a default style such as `sans`, `serif` or `mono`, a family such as `Arial,Helvetica,sans`, or a name with a style such as `Arial:Bold`. If the given font is not found on the system, a default font is used instead.
• ВидFont Size (`Length`): specifies the size of the letters. The text can be invisible in the 3D view if this value is very small.
• ВидOverride (`String`): specifies a custom text to display instead of the actual measurement. Use the string `\$dim` inside the text to include the measurement.
• ВидText Color (`Color`): specifies the color of the text. introduced in version 0.21
• ВидText Position (`VectorDistance`): specifies the position of the text in absolute coordinates. `[0, 0, 0]` will display the text in its default position near the dimension line or arc.
• ВидText Spacing (`Length`): specifies the space between the text and the dimension line or arc.

Units

• ВидDecimals (`Integer`): specifies the number of decimal places to display for the measurement.
• ВидShow Unit (`Bool`): specifies whether to display the unit next to the numerical value of the measurement. Not used for angular dimensions.
• ВидUnit Override (`String`): specifies the unit in which to express the measurement, for example, `km`, `m`, `cm`, `mm`, `mi`, `ft`, `in` or `arch` for arch units. Leave this blank to use the default unit. Not used for angular dimensions.

## Сценарии

Инструмент Инструмент измерения быть использован в макросах и из консоли Python следующими функциями:

To create a Draft Dimension use the `make_dimension` method (introduced in version 0.19) of the Draft module. This method replaces the deprecated `makeDimension` method.

```dimension = make_dimension(p1, p2, p3=None, p4=None)
```

There are various ways to invoke this method, depending on the arguments passed to it:

```dimension = make_dimension(p1, p2, p3=None)
dimension = make_dimension(object, i1, i2, p4=None)
dimension = make_dimension(object, i1, mode, p4=None)
```
• Создает объект Dimension с размерной линией, проходящей через p3.
• Объект Dimension принимает значение Черновая линия ширины и цвет, заданное в командной строке.
• Существует несколько способов создания измерения, в зависимости от аргументов, которые вы передаете ему:
1. (p1, p2, p3): создает стандартный размер от p1 до p2.
2. (object, i1, i2, p3): создает связанный размер с данным объектом, измеряя расстояние между его вершинами, индексированными i1 и i2.
3. (object, i1, mode, p3): создает связанный размер с данным объектом, i1 - индекс (изогнутого) края для измерения, а режим - либо «радиус», либо «диаметр». Возвращает вновь созданный объект.

To create an angular dimension use the following method:

```dimension = make_angular_dimension(center, angles, p3, normal=None)
dimension = make_angular_dimension(center, [angle1, angle2], p3, normal=None)
```
• создает угловой размер из данного центра с заданным списком углов, проходящих через р3.
• Возвращает вновь созданный объект.

The view properties of `dimension` can be changed by overwriting its attributes; for example, overwrite `ViewObject.FontSize` with the new size in millimeters.

Пример:

```import FreeCAD as App
import Draft

doc = App.newDocument()

p1 = App.Vector(0, 0, 0)
p2 = App.Vector(1000, 1000, 0)
p3 = App.Vector(-2500, 0, 0)
dimension1 = Draft.make_dimension(p1, p2, p3)
dimension1.ViewObject.FontSize = 200

polygon = Draft.make_polygon(3, radius=1000)
doc.recompute()

p4 = App.Vector(-2000, 1500, 0)
dimension2 = Draft.make_dimension(polygon, 1, 2, p4)
dimension2.ViewObject.FontSize = 200

center = App.Vector(2000, 0, 0)
p5 = App.Vector(3000, 1000, 0)
angle1 = 45
angle2 = 10
dimension3 = Draft.make_angular_dimension(center, [angle1, angle2], p5)
dimension3.ViewObject.FontSize = 200

dimension4 = Draft.make_angular_dimension(center, [angle2, angle1], p5*1.2)
dimension4.ViewObject.FontSize = 200

doc.recompute()
```